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立即開始,按照自己的計劃學習。

可靈活調整截止日期

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完成時間大約為14 小時

英語(English)

字幕:中文(簡體), 越南語, 荷蘭語, 土耳其語(Turkish), 英語(English), 希伯來語, 西班牙語(Spanish), 羅馬尼亞語...

教學大綱 - 您將從這門課程中學到什麼

1
完成時間為 2 小時

What is Philosophy?

(Dr. Dave Ward) We’ll start the course by thinking about what Philosophy actually is: what makes it different from other subjects? What are its distinctive aims and methods? We'll also think about why the questions that philosophers attempt to answer are often thought to be both fundamental and important, and have a look at how philosophy is actually practiced. Finally, we'll briefly touch upon two very influential philosophers' answers to the question of how we can know whether, in any given case, there really is a right way of thinking about things....
4 個視頻 (總計 47 分鐘), 3 個閱讀材料, 2 個測驗
4 個視頻
Philosophy: Difficult, Important and Everywhere11分鐘
Philosophy: How Do We Do It?17分鐘
Is There A 'Right Way' To Think About Things?6分鐘
3 個閱讀材料
About this Course10分鐘
Module: What is Philosophy?10分鐘
Optional Reading10分鐘
2 個練習
Practice: What is Philosophy?8分鐘
What is Philosophy?10分鐘
2
完成時間為 1 小時

Morality: Objective, Relative or Emotive?

(Dr. Matthew Chrisman) We all live with some sense of what is good or bad, some feelings about which ways of conducting ourselves are better or worse. But what is the status of these moral beliefs, senses, or feelings? Should we think of them as reflecting hard, objective facts about our world, of the sort that scientists could uncover and study? Or should we think of moral judgements as mere expressions of personal or cultural preferences? In this module we’ll survey some of the different options that are available when we’re thinking about these issues, and the problems and prospects for each....
4 個視頻 (總計 44 分鐘), 2 個閱讀材料, 1 個測驗
4 個視頻
Objectivism, Relativism and Emotivism13分鐘
Objections to Objectivism, Relativism and Emotivism11分鐘
Further Discussion7分鐘
2 個閱讀材料
Module: Morality: Objective, Emotive or Relative?10分鐘
Related work by Philosophy staff at the University of Edinburgh10分鐘
1 個練習
Practice: Morality: Objective, Relative or Emotive?12分鐘
完成時間為 1 小時

What is Knowledge? And Do We Have Any?

(Professor Duncan Pritchard) We know a lot of things – or, at least, we think we do. Epistemology is the branch of philosophy that studies knowledge; what it is, and the ways we can come to have it. In this module, we’ll take a tour through some of the issues that arise in this branch of philosophy. In particular, we’ll think about what radical scepticism means for our claims to knowledge. How can we know something is the case if we’re unable to rule out possibilities that are clearly incompatible with it? ...
5 個視頻 (總計 56 分鐘), 2 個閱讀材料, 1 個測驗
5 個視頻
The Classical Account of Knowledge and the Gettier Problem18分鐘
Do We Have Any Knowledge?10分鐘
Further Discussion 110分鐘
Further Discussion 23分鐘
2 個閱讀材料
Module: What is Knowledge? And Do We Have Any?10分鐘
Related work by Philosophy staff at the University of Edinburgh10分鐘
1 個練習
Practice: What is Knowledge? And Do We Have Any?12分鐘
完成時間為 1 小時

Week 2 review: Lesson Choices

...
2 個測驗
2 個練習
Morality: Objective, Relative or Emotive?20分鐘
What is Knowledge? And Do We Have Any?24分鐘
3
完成時間為 1 小時

Do We Have an Obligation to Obey the Law?

(Dr. Guy Fletcher) The laws of a state govern what we can and cannot do within that state. But do we have an obligation to obey those laws? In this module, we'll discuss this question, together with some of the main positions that philosophers have developed in response to it. We'll start off by examining what obeying the law means exactly. Then we'll look at three factors that might form the basis of an obligation to follow the law. Finally, we'll discuss what the consequences might be if the problem can't be solved....
7 個視頻 (總計 27 分鐘), 2 個閱讀材料, 1 個測驗
7 個視頻
The Grounds of Political Obligation2分鐘
Gratitude and Benefit4分鐘
Consent8分鐘
Fairness3分鐘
What if the Problem Can't Be Solved?1分鐘
Summary1分鐘
2 個閱讀材料
Module: Do We Have an Obligation to Obey the Law?10分鐘
Related work by Philosophy staff at the University of Edinburgh10分鐘
1 個練習
Practice: Do We Have an Obligation to Obey the Law?20分鐘
完成時間為 1 小時

Should You Believe What You Hear?

(Dr. Allan Hazlett) Much of what we think about the world we believe on the basis of what other people say. But is this trust in other people's testimony justified? In this module, we’ll investigate how this question was addressed by two great philosophers of the Scottish Enlightenment, David Hume (1711 - 1776) and Thomas Reid (1710 - 1796). Hume and Reid's dispute about testimony represents a clash between two worldviews that would continue to clash for centuries: a skeptical and often secular worldview, eager to question everything (represented by Hume), and a conservative and often religious worldview, keen to defend common sense (represented by Reid). ...
5 個視頻 (總計 25 分鐘), 2 個閱讀材料, 1 個測驗
5 個視頻
Reid's Challenge to Hume2分鐘
Reid's Argument5分鐘
Kant, the Enlightenment and Intellectual Autonomy4分鐘
The Value of Intellectual Autonomy3分鐘
2 個閱讀材料
Module: Should You Believe What You Hear?10分鐘
Related work by Philosophy staff at the University of Edinburgh10分鐘
1 個練習
Practice: Should You Believe What You Hear?8分鐘
完成時間為 1 小時

Week 3 review: Lesson Choices

...
2 個測驗
2 個練習
Do We Have an Obligation to Obey the Law?20分鐘
Should You Believe What You Hear?20分鐘
4
完成時間為 2 小時

Minds, Brains and Computers

(Dr. Suilin Lavelle) If you’re reading this, then you’ve got a mind. But what is a mind, and what does it take to have one? Should we understand minds as sets of dispositions to behave in certain ways, as patterns of neural activation, or as akin to programmes that are run on the computational hardware of our brains? In this module, we’ll look at how and why recent philosophy of mind and psychology has embraced each of these options in turn, and think about the problems and prospects for each. ...
7 個視頻 (總計 57 分鐘), 2 個閱讀材料, 1 個測驗
7 個視頻
Physicalism: Identity Theory and Functionalism13分鐘
Functionalism and What Mental States Do8分鐘
Functionalism and Functional Complexity4分鐘
Minds vs. Machines: The Turing Test and the Chinese Room11分鐘
Minds vs. Machines: Problems for the Computational View of the Mind4分鐘
Further Discussion4分鐘
2 個閱讀材料
Module: Mind, Brains and Computers10分鐘
Related work by Philosophy staff at the University of Edinburgh10分鐘
1 個練習
Practice: Minds, Brains and Computers24分鐘
完成時間為 1 小時

Are Scientific Theories True?

(Professor Michela Massimi) In this module we will explore a central and ongoing debate in contemporary philosophy of science: whether or not scientific theories are true. Or better, whether a scientific theory needs to be 'true' to be good at all. The answer to this question comes in two main varieties. Scientific realists believe that theories ought to be true in order to be good. We will analyse their main argument for this claim (which goes under the name of 'no miracles argument'), and some prominent objections to it. Scientific antirealists, on the other hand, defend the view that there is nothing special about 'truth' and that scientific theories and scientific progress can be understood without appeal to it. The aim of this session is to present both views, their main arguments, and prospects....
7 個視頻 (總計 29 分鐘), 2 個閱讀材料, 1 個測驗
7 個視頻
Saving the Phenomena? Ptolemeic Astronomy5分鐘
Truth? Galileo and Copernican Astronomy2分鐘
Scientific Realism and the No Miracles Argument3分鐘
Scientific Anti-Realism: Constructive Empiricism7分鐘
Realist Rejoinders: Inference to the Best Explanation5分鐘
Concluding Summary2分鐘
2 個閱讀材料
Module: Are Scientific Theories True?10分鐘
Related work by Philosophy staff at the University of Edinburgh10分鐘
1 個練習
Practice: Are Scientific Theories True?16分鐘
完成時間為 1 小時

Week 4 review: Lesson Choices

...
2 個測驗
2 個練習
Minds, Brains and Computers20分鐘
Are Scientific Theories True?20分鐘
5
完成時間為 1 小時

Do We Have Free Will and Does It Matter?

(Dr. Elinor Mason) We typically feel that the actions that we make are the result of our own free choices. But what if those actions are simply the end result of a long chain of cause and effect? What does this mean for free will? In this module, we'll look at the concept of determinism. In particular, we'll consider the implications that determinism might have for the notion of free will....
5 個視頻 (總計 35 分鐘), 2 個閱讀材料, 1 個測驗
5 個視頻
Libertarianism10分鐘
Compatibilism7分鐘
Hard Determinism3分鐘
Summary2分鐘
2 個閱讀材料
Module: Do We Have Free Will? Does it Matter?10分鐘
Related work by Philosophy staff at the University of Edinburgh10分鐘
1 個練習
Practice: Do We Have Free Will and Does It Matter?20分鐘
完成時間為 1 小時

Time Travel and Philosophy

(Dr. Alasdair Richmond) In this module we'll think about some issues in metaphysics, a branch of philosophy that investigates the ways that reality could intelligibly be. Our case study will be the possibility, or otherwise, of time-travel. Some have thought that the apparent possibility of creating a machine that we could use to transport a person backwards in time can be ruled out just by thinking about it. But is time-travel really logically impossible? What would the universe have to be like for it to be possible? And can we know whether our universe fits the bill?...
6 個視頻 (總計 49 分鐘), 2 個閱讀材料, 1 個測驗
6 個視頻
Grandfather Paradoxes9分鐘
Two Senses of Change7分鐘
Causal Loops7分鐘
Where Next?8分鐘
Further Discussions8分鐘
2 個閱讀材料
Module: Time Travel and Philosophy10分鐘
Related work by Philosophy staff at the University of Edinburgh10分鐘
1 個練習
Practice: Time Travel and Philosophy16分鐘
完成時間為 1 小時

Week 5 review: Lesson Choices

...
2 個測驗
2 個練習
Do We Have Free Will and Does It Matter?20分鐘
Time Travel and Philosophy20分鐘
完成時間為 2 小時

Peer review

...
1 個測驗
4.6
804 個審閱Chevron Right

38%

完成這些課程後已開始新的職業生涯

25%

通過此課程獲得實實在在的工作福利

熱門審閱

創建者 LTSep 2nd 2015

I thoroughly enjoyed this course and find that it encouragingly sets some directions, and of course, raises my excitement for further study into some of the different fields of philosophy. Thank you.

創建者 CCOct 8th 2015

Great explanations that is broken down with examples for understanding. Quizzes test for your understanding of the topic rather than just the textbook explanations. Challenging and thought revoking.

講師

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Dr. Dave Ward

Lecturer in Philosophy
University of Edinburgh
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Professor Duncan Pritchard

Professor of Philosophy
University of Edinburgh
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Professor Michela Massimi

Full Professor
Philosophy
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Dr. Suilin Lavelle

Lecturer in Philosophy
University of Edinburgh
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Dr. Matthew Chrisman

Reader in Philosophy
Philosophy
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Guy Fletcher

Lecturer
Philosophy
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Elinor Mason

Senior Lecturer
Philosophy

關於 爱丁堡大学

Influencing the world since 1583, The University of Edinburgh is consistently ranked as one of the world's top 50 universities. Today, we are an established and global leader in online learning, providing degree-level education to 3,000 online students in addition to 36,000 students on-campus. We also offer a wide range of free online courses in a variety of subjects. To find out more about studying for one of our online degrees, search for ‘Edinburgh online’ or visit www.ed.ac.uk/studying/online-learning/postgraduate ...

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