課程信息
4.7
686 ratings
165 reviews
What is philosophy? How does it differ from science, religion, and other modes of human discourse? This course traces the origins of philosophy in the Western tradition in the thinkers of Ancient Greece. We begin with the Presocratic natural philosophers who were active in Ionia in the 6th century BCE and are also credited with being the first scientists. Thales, Anaximander, and Anaximines made bold proposals about the ultimate constituents of reality, while Heraclitus insisted that there is an underlying order to the changing world. Parmenides of Elea formulated a powerful objection to all these proposals, while later Greek theorists (such as Anaxagoras and the atomist Democritus) attempted to answer that objection. In fifth-century Athens, Socrates insisted on the importance of the fundamental ethical question—“How shall I live?”—and his pupil, Plato, and Plato’s pupil, Aristotle, developed elaborate philosophical systems to explain the nature of reality, knowledge, and human happiness. After the death of Aristotle, in the Hellenistic period, Epicureans and Stoics developed and transformed that earlier tradition. We will study the major doctrines of all these thinkers. Part I will cover Plato and his predecessors. Part II will cover Aristotle and his successors....
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建議:4 hours/week

完成時間大約為14 小時
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Globe

100% 在線課程

立即開始,按照自己的計劃學習。
Calendar

可靈活調整截止日期

根據您的日程表重置截止日期。
Clock

建議:4 hours/week

完成時間大約為14 小時
Comment Dots

English

字幕:English, Spanish

教學大綱 - 您將從這門課程中學到什麼

1

章節
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完成時間為 2 小時

The Milesians & Heraclitus

Thales, Anaximander, Anaximenes and Xenophanes seek the material principle of the cosmos, and arrive at a radical new conception of the gods. Heraclitus distills the essence of their “naturalism” in his riddling slogans....
Reading
8 個視頻(共 53 分鐘), 2 個閱讀材料, 2 個測驗
Video8 個視頻
How We Study the Pre-Socratics4分鐘
Fragments and Sources4分鐘
Philosophers or scientists?7分鐘
The Material Principle5分鐘
God in Nature?5分鐘
Heraclitus on the LOGOS10分鐘
Heraclitus on Change5分鐘
Reading2 個閱讀材料
Milesians Readings10分鐘
Heraclitus Readings10分鐘
Quiz2 個練習
Milesians16分鐘
Heraclitus10分鐘

2

章節
Clock
完成時間為 2 小時

Parmenides to Plato

Parmenides poses a fundamental philosophical challenge to all naturalistic inquiry when he denies the intelligibility of change. Later naturalists (Empedocles, Anaxagoras, and Democritus) respond to his challenge. Plato’s portrait of Socrates raises questions about the nature of philosophy, its role in public life, and the relation between morality and religion....
Reading
8 個視頻(共 61 分鐘), 3 個閱讀材料, 2 個測驗
Video8 個視頻
Parmenides Against Change7分鐘
Responses to Parmenides7分鐘
Naturalism after Parmenides9分鐘
Plato and Socrates6分鐘
Socrates in the Apology6分鐘
Piety in the Euthyphro7分鐘
Morality and Religion5分鐘
Reading3 個閱讀材料
Parmenides10分鐘
Plato's Apology10分鐘
Plato's Euthyphro10分鐘
Quiz2 個練習
Parmenides and His Legacy10分鐘
Plato’s Apology and Euthyphro10分鐘

3

章節
Clock
完成時間為 2 小時

Plato on Virtue, Teaching, & Justice

What is virtue, and how can it be taught? What is teaching anyway, and how could we ever acquire knowledge? Socrates gives a geometry lesson purporting to show that learning is recollection. Why should we act justly? What’s in it for us? An elaborate analogy between a city and a human soul seeks to convince us that crime never pays, even if the criminal can escape detection....
Reading
10 個視頻(共 74 分鐘), 4 個閱讀材料, 2 個測驗
Video10 個視頻
Teachers of Virtue?6分鐘
Theory of Recollection8分鐘
Was Socrates Teaching?7分鐘
Meno's Paradox7分鐘
Knowledge vs. True Belief8分鐘
Is Justice a Virtue?10分鐘
The Just City5分鐘
The Just Soul9分鐘
Rational Injustice?6分鐘
Reading4 個閱讀材料
Plato's Meno10分鐘
Republic Book 110分鐘
Republic Book 210分鐘
Republic Book 410分鐘
Quiz2 個練習
Plato's Meno10分鐘
Plato's Republic10分鐘

4

章節
Clock
完成時間為 4 小時

Plato on Reality & Goodness

The ultimate realities are intelligible Forms, while the world of our experience is only an image of that reality. Goodness is a fundamental feature of the world. Plato’s cosmology: the creation of the universe (complete with a world soul) and the principles of mathematical perfection that structure it at every level....
Reading
6 個視頻(共 58 分鐘), 4 個閱讀材料, 3 個測驗
Video6 個視頻
The Real and the Good8分鐘
The Creation of the World6分鐘
The World Soul12分鐘
Plato's Mathematical Physics13分鐘
Conclusion to Part 16分鐘
Reading4 個閱讀材料
Republic Book 510分鐘
Republic Books 6-710分鐘
Plato's Timaeus10分鐘
Credits10分鐘
Quiz2 個練習
Republic Books 5-710分鐘
Plato's Timaeus14分鐘
4.7

熱門審閱

創建者 LLMar 9th 2016

Good intro to early Greek philosophy. Dr Meyer has a simple and subtly humorous approach to the material. Dr Meyer makes the subject approachable so that the student wants to do further reading.

創建者 AHMar 17th 2016

Highly recommended. This course was a great guide to understand to pre socratic philosophers. Professor Susan Sauvé Meyer is very clear in her explanations. Thanks a lot. I enjoy the course.

講師

Susan Sauvé Meyer

Professor
Department of Philosophy

關於 University of Pennsylvania

The University of Pennsylvania (commonly referred to as Penn) is a private university, located in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, United States. A member of the Ivy League, Penn is the fourth-oldest institution of higher education in the United States, and considers itself to be the first university in the United States with both undergraduate and graduate studies. ...

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