# 数据结构与算法 專項課程

Master Algorithmic Programming Techniques. Learn algorithms through programming and advance your software engineering or data science career

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### 您將學到的內容有

Apply basic algorithmic techniques such as greedy algorithms, binary search, sorting and dynamic programming to solve programming challenges.

Apply various data structures such as stack, queue, hash table, priority queue, binary search tree, graph and string to solve programming challenges.

Apply graph and string algorithms to solve real-world challenges: finding shortest paths on huge maps and assembling genomes from millions of pieces.

Solve complex programming challenges using advanced techniques: maximum flow, linear programming, approximate algorithms, SAT-solvers, streaming.

## 您將獲得的技能

## 關於此 專項課程

## 應用的學習項目

The specialization contains two real-world projects: Big Networks and Genome Assembly. You will analyze both road networks and social networks and will learn how to compute the shortest route between New York and San Francisco (1000 times faster than the standard shortest path algorithms!) Afterwards, you will learn how to assemble genomes from millions of short fragments of DNA and how assembly algorithms fuel recent developments in personalized medicine.

Basic knowledge of at least one programming language: C++, Java, Python, C, C#, Javascript, Haskell, Kotlin, Ruby, Rust, Scala. Basic knowledge of discrete mathematics: proof by induction, proof by contradiction.

Basic knowledge of at least one programming language: C++, Java, Python, C, C#, Javascript, Haskell, Kotlin, Ruby, Rust, Scala. Basic knowledge of discrete mathematics: proof by induction, proof by contradiction.

### 此專項課程包含 6 門課程

### Algorithmic Toolbox

The course covers basic algorithmic techniques and ideas for computational problems arising frequently in practical applications: sorting and searching, divide and conquer, greedy algorithms, dynamic programming. We will learn a lot of theory: how to sort data and how it helps for searching; how to break a large problem into pieces and solve them recursively; when it makes sense to proceed greedily; how dynamic programming is used in genomic studies. You will practice solving computational problems, designing new algorithms, and implementing solutions efficiently (so that they run in less than a second).

### 数据结构

A good algorithm usually comes together with a set of good data structures that allow the algorithm to manipulate the data efficiently. In this course, we consider the common data structures that are used in various computational problems. You will learn how these data structures are implemented in different programming languages and will practice implementing them in our programming assignments. This will help you to understand what is going on inside a particular built-in implementation of a data structure and what to expect from it. You will also learn typical use cases for these data structures.

### Algorithms on Graphs

If you have ever used a navigation service to find optimal route and estimate time to destination, you've used algorithms on graphs. Graphs arise in various real-world situations as there are road networks, computer networks and, most recently, social networks! If you're looking for the fastest time to get to work, cheapest way to connect set of computers into a network or efficient algorithm to automatically find communities and opinion leaders in Facebook, you're going to work with graphs and algorithms on graphs.

### 字符串算法

World and internet is full of textual information. We search for information using textual queries, we read websites, books, e-mails. All those are strings from the point of view of computer science. To make sense of all that information and make search efficient, search engines use many string algorithms. Moreover, the emerging field of personalized medicine uses many search algorithms to find disease-causing mutations in the human genome.

### 提供方

#### 加州大学圣地亚哥分校

UC San Diego is an academic powerhouse and economic engine, recognized as one of the top 10 public universities by U.S. News and World Report. Innovation is central to who we are and what we do. Here, students learn that knowledge isn't just acquired in the classroom—life is their laboratory.

#### 国立高等经济大学

National Research University - Higher School of Economics (HSE) is one of the top research universities in Russia. Established in 1992 to promote new research and teaching in economics and related disciplines, it now offers programs at all levels of university education across an extraordinary range of fields of study including business, sociology, cultural studies, philosophy, political science, international relations, law, Asian studies, media and communicamathematics, engineering, and more.

## 常見問題

完成专项课程后我会获得大学学分吗？

此专项课程不提供大学学分，但部分大学可能会选择接受专项课程证书作为学分。查看您的合作院校，了解详情。Coursera 上的在线学位和 Mastertrack™ 证书提供获得大学学分的机会。

Can I just enroll in a single course?

如果订阅，您可以获得 7 天免费试听，在此期间，您可以取消课程，无需支付任何罚金。在此之后，我们不会退款，但您可以随时取消订阅。请阅读我们完整的退款政策。

我可以只注册一门课程吗？

可以！点击您感兴趣的课程卡开始注册即可。注册并完成课程后，您可以获得可共享的证书，或者您也可以旁听该课程免费查看课程资料。如果您订阅的课程是某专项课程的一部分，系统会自动为您订阅完整的专项课程。访问您的学生面板，跟踪您的进度。

Can I take the course for free?

是的，Coursera 可以为无法承担费用的学生提供助学金。通过点击左侧“注册”按钮下的“助学金”链接可以申请助学金。您可以根据屏幕提示完成申请，申请获批后会收到通知。您需要针对专项课程中的每一门课程完成上述步骤，包括毕业项目。了解更多。

我可以免费学习课程吗？

完成注册课程后，您可以学习专项课程中的所有课程，并且完成作业后可以获得证书。如果您只想阅读和查看课程内容，可以免费旁听该课程。如果您无法承担课程费用，可以申请助学金。

此课程是 100% 在线学习吗？是否需要现场参加课程？

此课程完全在线学习，无需到教室现场上课。您可以通过网络或移动设备随时随地访问课程视频、阅读材料和作业。

What background knowledge is necessary?

1. Basic knowledge of at least one programming language: C++, Java, Python, C, C#, Javascript, Haskell, Kotlin, Ruby, Rust, Scala.

We expect you to be able to implement programs that: 1) read data from the standard input (in most cases, the input is a sequence of integers); 2) compute the result (in most cases, a few loops are enough for this); 3) print the result to the standard output. For each programming challenge in this course, we provide starter solutions in C++, Java, and Python. The best way to check whether your programming skills are enough to go through problems in this specialization is to solve two problems from the first week. If you are able to pass them (after reading our tutorials), then you will definitely be able to pass the course.

2. Basic knowledge of discrete mathematics: proof by induction, proof by contradiction.

Knowledge of discrete mathematics is necessary for analyzing algorithms (proving correctness, estimating running time) and for algorithmic thinking in general. If you want to refresh your discrete mathematics skills, we encourage you to go through our partner specialization — Introduction to Discrete Mathematics for Computer Science (https://www.coursera.org/specializations/discrete-mathematics). It teaches the basics of discrete mathematics in try-this-before-we-explain-everything approach: you will be solving many interactive puzzles that were carefully designed to allow you to invent many of the important ideas and concepts yoursel

What is the difference between this course and other courses covering algorithms?

We believe that learning the theory behind algorithms (like in most Algorithms 101 courses taught at 1000s universities) is important but not sufficient for a professional computer scientist today. This specialization combines the theory of algorithms with many programming challenges. In contrast with many Algorithms 101 courses, you will implement over 100 algorithmic problems in the programming language of your choice. And you will see yourself that the best way to understand an algorithm is to implement it!

How long does it take to complete the Specialization?

Time to completion can vary based on your schedule, but most learners are able to complete the Specialization in 6-8 months.

完成专项课程需要多长时间？

Each course in the Specialization is offered on a regular schedule, with sessions starting about once per month. If you don't complete a course on the first try, you can easily transfer to the next session, and your completed work and grades will carry over.

此专项课程中每门课程的开课频率为多久？

Basic knowledge of at least one programming language (C/C++, Java, Python): loops, arrays, stacks, recursion. Basic knowledge of mathematics: proof by induction, proof by contradiction.

Do I need to take the courses in a specific order?

We recommend taking the courses in the order presented, as each subsequent course will build on material from previous courses.

Will I earn university credit for completing the Specialization?

Coursera courses and certificates don't carry university credit, though some universities may choose to accept Specialization Certificates for credit. Check with your institution to learn more.

完成专项课程后我会获得大学学分吗？

The lectures in this specialization will be self-contained. Most lectures will be based on the bestselling textbook "Algorithms" co-authored by Sanjoy Dasgupta from University of California at San Diego as well as Christos Papadimitriou and Umesh Vazirani from University of California at Berkeley. In addition to UCSD and Berkeley, the textbook has been adopted in over 100 top universities and is available on Internet.

還有其他問題嗎？請訪問 學生幫助中心。