課程信息
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中級

完成時間大約為17 小時

建議:3 hours/week...

英語(English)

字幕:英語(English)

100% 在線

立即開始,按照自己的計劃學習。

可靈活調整截止日期

根據您的日程表重置截止日期。

中級

完成時間大約為17 小時

建議:3 hours/week...

英語(English)

字幕:英語(English)

教學大綱 - 您將從這門課程中學到什麼

1
完成時間為 1 小時

Political Origins

We will discuss the historical and philosophical backgrounds to Plato's rejection of democracy: they will turn out to be intimately connected to his rejection of Skepticism. In addition we will present Karl Popper's highly critical assessment of Plato's 'totalitarian' alternative. ...
3 個視頻 (總計 18 分鐘), 3 個閱讀材料
3 個視頻
Plato versus the Sophists9分鐘
Karl Popper versus Plato7分鐘
3 個閱讀材料
"Plato, Protagoras, 317e-328d"10分鐘
Suggested Reading: "Aristotle, Nicomachean ethics, III, 6-9"10分鐘
"Plato, Republic, VIII, 555b-569c"10分鐘
2
完成時間為 1 小時

Skepticism and Religion

We will sketch some of the skeptical arguments against Christianity developed by Roman philosophers, but we will also see how Skepticism soon turned into an ally of Christian theology. By the end of the seventeenth century, however, Pierre Bayle turned Skepticism into a highly questionable source of support to revealed religion....
2 個視頻 (總計 16 分鐘), 1 個閱讀材料
2 個視頻
Montaigne to Bayle7分鐘
1 個閱讀材料
"Bayle, Philosophical Commentary, II, 9."10分鐘
3
完成時間為 3 小時

Skepticism and Natural Law

We will turn to the relevance of the early modern natural law tradition, serving as as an antidote to Skepticism. Grotius's efforts will be discussed, and we will see how during the eighteenth century David Hume pushed Skepticism to its ultimate and highly disturbing conclusion. ...
2 個視頻 (總計 16 分鐘), 2 個閱讀材料, 1 個測驗
2 個視頻
David Hume7分鐘
Skepticism and Natural Law7分鐘
2 個閱讀材料
"Hume, Dialogues Concering Natural Religion"10分鐘
"Grotius, The Law of War and Peace" (De Iure Belli ac Pacis)10分鐘
4
完成時間為 1 小時

Skepticism and Conservatism

We will focus on the intimate relationship between Skepticism and the origins of eighteenth-century conservatism: Edmund Burke's analysis of the French Revolution will be put into perspective. But we will also pay attention to the way in which Skepticism came to serve as a progressive and liberating force, for instance in its critique of biblical authority. ...
2 個視頻 (總計 17 分鐘), 1 個閱讀材料
2 個視頻
Liberating Skepticism8分鐘
1 個閱讀材料
"Hume, Part I, Essay III"10分鐘
5
完成時間為 3 小時

“There’s a method to his madness”: Responses to Cartesian Skepticism

We will discuss the specific and influential way in which Rene Descartes defined the problems of Skepticism, not only the question whether knowledge is possible, but also the question whether the external world and all the objects and properties in it, really exist. But instead of considering Descartes’ own rationalist response, we will then move on to consider the alternative responses of John Locke, Charles Peirce, and John Austin....
4 個視頻 (總計 26 分鐘), 3 個閱讀材料, 1 個測驗
4 個視頻
John Locke’s response to Cartesian Skepticism13分鐘
Abduction and Charles Peirce’s response to Cartesian Skepticism4分鐘
Austin's response to Cartesian Skepticism6分鐘
3 個閱讀材料
"Locke, An Essay Concerning Human Understanding, book II, chapter viii"10分鐘
"Locke, An Essay Concerning Human Understanding, book IV, chapter xi"10分鐘
"Austin, Other Minds, pp. 148-187"10分鐘
6
完成時間為 5 小時

Fallibilism, prejudices and toleration: Lessons from Pyrrhonian Skepticism

We will address the question whether, in what sense, and to what extent, Skepticism provides good reasons to do away with prejudices and to adopt religious tolerance. First we will distinguish carefully between belief and truth. Then we will consider the attitude of the positive Skeptic: truth exists, but all our beliefs are and remain prejudices. Finally, we will investigate the role that this epistemic predicament plays in arguments for toleration....
4 個視頻 (總計 24 分鐘), 1 個閱讀材料, 2 個測驗
4 個視頻
The limits of truth relativism.7分鐘
The powers of positive Skepticism7分鐘
The fallibilist argument for toleration6分鐘
1 個閱讀材料
Suggested Reading: Locke's real essences10分鐘
7
完成時間為 1 小時

The marketplace of ideas: An imaginative argument for freedom of expression

We will consider Mill’s argument from “the marketplace of ideas” for both freedom of opinion and freedom of expression of opinion. If ideas can compete freely, truth will emerge. Just as a free market is self correcting, speech should not be restricted, because in a free and open encounter, the true and sound ideas will survive, and the false and unsound ideas will vanquish. We will identify the Skeptical assumptions of Mill’s argument and we will evaluate it....
3 個視頻 (總計 15 分鐘), 2 個閱讀材料
3 個視頻
John Stuart Mill's argument for freedom of expression7分鐘
Paul Feyerabend's principle of proliferation6分鐘
2 個閱讀材料
"Mill, On Liberty, chapter 3"10分鐘
"Mill, On Liberty, chapter 2"10分鐘
8
完成時間為 3 小時

The benefit of the doubt: Critical creative problem solving in politics

What is the benefit of the doubt? What good can come from the confrontation with alternative views or rival opinions? First we will learn that one of the most effective ways to boost the carefulness of problem solving processes is by pushing on alternatives. Then we will consider the role of organized doubt in meetings, deliberations or political negotiations; to find a solution or to reach an agreement, the participants should deliberately adopt the perspective of the others and make their rival opinions relevant....
3 個視頻 (總計 18 分鐘), 1 個閱讀材料, 1 個測驗
3 個視頻
The entanglement of critical and creative reasoning7分鐘
The creation of contextual relevance and common ground in politics7分鐘
1 個閱讀材料
"Bloom, Against Empathy"10分鐘
4.6
6 個審閱Chevron Right

熱門審閱

創建者 ECAug 27th 2017

Very good materials and quality videos. Great teachers. This course made me decide upon Erasmus as the university i want to study at, next year.

創建者 JQJun 4th 2017

Nice Course. Enjoyed the concepts. Thanks, sincerely

講師

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Wiep van Bunge

Prof. dr.
Faculty of Philosophy
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Tim De Mey

Dr.
Faculty of Philosophy

關於 鹿特丹伊拉斯姆斯大学

Erasmus University: a top-100 ranked international research university based in Rotterdam, the Netherlands. Our academic teaching and research focuses on four areas: health, wealth, culture and governance. Erasmus University Rotterdam: make it happen. ...

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