課程信息
4.6
14 ratings
5 reviews
This is a course about the history of Skepticism from the ancient Greeks to today, with special attention to the political ramifications of questioning man's ability to know the world and himself with any certainty. We will discuss the debates raging between Plato and the Sophists, the rise of Christianity in the Roman world, and the so-called 'Skeptical Crisis' of the Renaissance as well as Pierre Bayle's Skepticism and David Hume's. In addition the Natural Law tradition will be explored and the relationship between Skepticism and Conservatism. In the second part, we will explore the systematic relations between Skepticism and politics. What is skeptical doubt? When is doubt relevant? How does Skepticism relate to tolerance and to freedom of expression? And can it help us to solve political problems not only in a critical, but also in a creative way?...
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Intermediate Level

中級

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建議:3 hours/week

完成時間大約為15 小時
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English

字幕:English
Globe

100% 在線課程

立即開始,按照自己的計劃學習。
Calendar

可靈活調整截止日期

根據您的日程表重置截止日期。
Intermediate Level

中級

Clock

建議:3 hours/week

完成時間大約為15 小時
Comment Dots

English

字幕:English

教學大綱 - 您將從這門課程中學到什麼

1

章節
Clock
完成時間為 1 小時

Political Origins

We will discuss the historical and philosophical backgrounds to Plato's rejection of democracy: they will turn out to be intimately connected to his rejection of Skepticism. In addition we will present Karl Popper's highly critical assessment of Plato's 'totalitarian' alternative. ...
Reading
3 個視頻(共 18 分鐘), 3 個閱讀材料
Video3 個視頻
Plato versus the Sophists9分鐘
Karl Popper versus Plato7分鐘
Reading3 個閱讀材料
"Plato, Protagoras, 317e-328d"10分鐘
Suggested Reading: "Aristotle, Nicomachean ethics, III, 6-9"10分鐘
"Plato, Republic, VIII, 555b-569c"10分鐘

2

章節
Clock
完成時間為 1 小時

Skepticism and Religion

We will sketch some of the skeptical arguments against Christianity developed by Roman philosophers, but we will also see how Skepticism soon turned into an ally of Christian theology. By the end of the seventeenth century, however, Pierre Bayle turned Skepticism into a highly questionable source of support to revealed religion....
Reading
2 個視頻(共 16 分鐘), 1 個閱讀材料
Video2 個視頻
Montaigne to Bayle7分鐘
Reading1 個閱讀材料
"Bayle, Philosophical Commentary, II, 9."10分鐘

3

章節
Clock
完成時間為 3 小時

Skepticism and Natural Law

We will turn to the relevance of the early modern natural law tradition, serving as as an antidote to Skepticism. Grotius's efforts will be discussed, and we will see how during the eighteenth century David Hume pushed Skepticism to its ultimate and highly disturbing conclusion. ...
Reading
2 個視頻(共 16 分鐘), 2 個閱讀材料, 1 個測驗
Video2 個視頻
David Hume7分鐘
Skepticism and Natural Law7分鐘
Reading2 個閱讀材料
"Hume, Dialogues Concering Natural Religion"10分鐘
"Grotius, The Law of War and Peace" (De Iure Belli ac Pacis)10分鐘

4

章節
Clock
完成時間為 1 小時

Skepticism and Conservatism

We will focus on the intimate relationship between Skepticism and the origins of eighteenth-century conservatism: Edmund Burke's analysis of the French Revolution will be put into perspective. But we will also pay attention to the way in which Skepticism came to serve as a progressive and liberating force, for instance in its critique of biblical authority. ...
Reading
2 個視頻(共 17 分鐘), 1 個閱讀材料
Video2 個視頻
Liberating Skepticism8分鐘
Reading1 個閱讀材料
"Hume, Part I, Essay III"10分鐘
4.6

熱門審閱

創建者 JQJun 4th 2017

Nice Course. Enjoyed the concepts. Thanks, sincerely

講師

Wiep van Bunge

Prof. dr.
Faculty of Philosophy

Tim De Mey

Dr.
Faculty of Philosophy

關於 Erasmus University Rotterdam

Erasmus University: a top-100 ranked international research university based in Rotterdam, the Netherlands. Our academic teaching and research focuses on four areas: health, wealth, culture and governance. Erasmus University Rotterdam: make it happen. ...

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