課程信息
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What is climate change ? How are mountain regions affected by the evolution of water resources and their uses ? What kind of risks need to be considered ? Mountains are recognized as particularly sensitive physical environments where intense and rapid changes have in the past, and may increasingly in the future, place pressure on their resource base. In this context, a team of roughly 100 experts worked from 2008 to 2013 for the European ACQWA project (www.acqwa.ch) which was coordinated by the University of Geneva. The primary objectives of the project were to assess the impacts of a changing climate on the quantity and quality of water originating in mountain regions, particularly where snow- and ice melt represent a large, sometimes the largest, streamflow component. A further objective of the project was to determine the potential disruptions to water-dependent economic activities related to the climate impacts on hydrological systems, and to propose a portfolio of possible adaptation strategies. This particular MOOC is inspired by the ACQWA Project and offers a better understanding of climate change, its impacts on the quality and quantity of water in mountain regions and the risks related to changing water resources. From an interdisciplinary perspective, the participation of twenty-five instructors from five different countries (Switzerland, England, South Korea, India and Nepal) and fourteen institutions (UNIGE, RTS, UNIFR, UZH, ETHZ, Meteodat GmbH, WGMS, Imperial College London, Agroscope, République et Canton de Genève, Yonsei University, IHCAP, ICIMOD, SDC, FOEN) highlights the diversity of both theoretical and practical viewpoints related to these issues. By the end of this course, you will be able : - to define the general concept of climate change in mountain regions - to understand the concepts associated with climate change such as adaptation and water governance strategies - to consider the impacts of climate change on water resources in mountain regions - to identify the impacts of climate change on hydropower, agriculture, aquatic ecosystems and health - to enumerate risks that can occur in mountain areas and lead to disruptions in water availability and use. Your acquired knowledge will be evaluated through multiple-choice quizzes at the end of each unit of the course. This MOOC on “Climate Change and Water in Mountain Regions : A Global Concern” was initiated and financed by the University of Geneva, through its Institute for Environmental Sciences. We look forward to you joining us !...
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Intermediate Level

中級

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建議:5 weeks of study, 2-3 hours per week

完成時間大約為12 小時
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Globe

100% 在線課程

立即開始,按照自己的計劃學習。
Calendar

可靈活調整截止日期

根據您的日程表重置截止日期。
Intermediate Level

中級

Clock

建議:5 weeks of study, 2-3 hours per week

完成時間大約為12 小時
Comment Dots

English

字幕:English

教學大綱 - 您將從這門課程中學到什麼

1

章節
Clock
完成時間為 1 小時

Unit 0: Welcome Unit

View an introductory video on the ACQWA Project, read key introductory documents, say hello to your fellow classmates and express your interest in the topic....
Reading
1 個視頻(共 9 分鐘), 6 個閱讀材料
Reading6 個閱讀材料
Key reference 1 to ACQWA Project10分鐘
Key reference 2 to ACQWA Project10分鐘
General Course Description10分鐘
Syllabus10分鐘
Detailed structure of the course10分鐘
Glossary10分鐘

2

章節
Clock
完成時間為 2 小時

Unit 1: Introduction to climate change

In this module, you will learn about the functioning of the climate system, in particular the numerous interacting components such as the atmosphere, the oceans, the cryosphere and the biosphere. Physical mechanisms that can disrupt climate on different time and space scales will be outlined, and the concepts underlying anthropogenic climate change will be introduced. Following a brief overview of how climate simulation models function, you will be able to see what may be the evolution of climate over coming decades in response to increases in greenhouse-gases in the atmosphere, and what are the limits and uncertainties to these model projections. ...
Reading
15 個視頻(共 66 分鐘), 2 個閱讀材料, 1 個測驗
Video15 個視頻
1.2: Climate System II - Atmospheric circulations (Prof. M. Beniston - UNIGE)2分鐘
1.3: Climate System III - Influence of snow and ice on the climate system (Prof. M. Beniston – UNIGE)3分鐘
1.4: Climate System IV - The role of the oceans (Prof. M. Beniston – UNIGE)3分鐘
1.5: Climate System V - Importance of the water cycle in the evolution of the climate system (Prof. M. Beniston – UNIGE)2分鐘
1.6: Climate System VI - The role of clouds (Prof. M. Beniston – UNIGE)3分鐘
1.7 : Causes of Climate Change I - Natural factors : volcanos (Prof. M. Beniston – UNIGE)3分鐘
1.8: Causes of Climate Change II - Case of El-Niño Southern Oscillation as natural forcing factor (Prof. M. Beniston – UNIGE)4分鐘
1.9: Causes of Climate Change III - Human forcing factors on the climate system (Prof. M. Beniston – UNIGE)3分鐘
1.10: Causes of Climate Change IV – Explanatory factors for increases of carbon in the planetary system (Prof. M. Beniston – UNIGE)4分鐘
1.11: Causes of Climate Change V : The link between atmospheric gases and climate (Prof. M. Beniston – UNIGE)4分鐘
1.12: Past, Present and Future Climates I – 20th-century observed change (Prof. M. Beniston – UNIGE)4分鐘
1.13: Past, Present and Future Climates II – 21st-century climate futures (Prof. M. Beniston – UNIGE)6分鐘
1.14: Past, Present and Future Climates III – Extreme climate events (Prof. M. Beniston – UNIGE)11分鐘
1.15: Forecast in Switzerland in 50 years – In summer (Mr. P. Jeanneret – RTS)3分鐘
Reading2 個閱讀材料
1.0: Introduction to Unit 110分鐘
Conclusion to Unit 110分鐘
Quiz1 個練習
Take the quiz of Unit 1 !24分鐘

3

章節
Clock
完成時間為 3 小時

Unit 2: Impacts of Climate Change on Water Resources

In this unit, you will learn about observed trends in glacier retreat and changes in mass balance. Different methods of mass balance measurements are presented. Ongoing and projected climate change by the end of the century will have fundamental consequences on the cryosphere. In this module, you will realize what the consequences of glacier retreat are on glacial runoff regimes and on global scale runoff. You will become familiar with changes in snow cover in different mountain regions of the World. Further, the basic mechanics of glacier flow and an overview of processes leading to glacier instability will allow you to understand how climate variables, among other factors, may potentially modify the frequency of glacial lake drainage, glacier surge and the break-off of glaciers. Finally, this module discusses how the calving of ice sheets will impact sea level rise and where uncertainties persist in the projection of these changes....
Reading
16 個視頻(共 124 分鐘), 2 個閱讀材料, 1 個測驗
Video16 個視頻
2.2: Impacts of Climate Change on the Water Cycle II – Monitoring the Impact of Climate Change on Glaciers (Dr M. Huss – UNIFR / ETHZ)8分鐘
2.3: Impacts of Climate Change on the Water Cycle III – Modelling Runoff Changes from Glaciers (Dr M. Huss – UNIFR / ETHZ)8分鐘
2.4: Impacts of Climate Change on the Water Cycle IV – Contribution of Glaciers to Runoff at the Continental to Global Scale (Dr M. Huss – UNIFR / ETHZ)8分鐘
2.5: Impacts of Climate Change on the Water Cycle V – Managing Mountain Water Resources during Glacier Retreat (Dr M. Huss – UNIFR / ETHZ)6分鐘
2.6: Impacts of Climate Change on Snow Cover I (Dr M.Rohrer – Meteodat GmbH / UNIGE)8分鐘
2.7: Impacts of Climate Change on Snow Cover II – Link between Snow Cover and Climate (Dr M. Rohrer – Meteodat GmbH / UNIGE)5分鐘
2.8: Impacts of Climate Change on Snow Cover III – Consequences of Snow Cover in many Regions of the World (Dr M. Rohrer – Meteodat GmbH / UNIGE)7分鐘
2.9: Impacts of Climate Change on Snow Cover IV – Consequences of Climate Change for Glaciers and Snowmelt (Dr M. Rohrer – Meteodat GmbH / UNIGE)7分鐘
2.10: Impacts of Climate Change on Snow Cover V – Degree Day Factor for Snow- and Ice Melt not constant in the future (Dr M. Rohrer – Meteodat GmbH / UNIGE)13分鐘
2.11: Impacts of Climate Change on Glacier Retreat I – Response Time of Glaciers to a Changing Climate – The example of Mont-Miné and Ferpècle Glaciers, Switzerland (Dr M. Perroud – UNIGE)4分鐘
2.12: Impacts of Climate Change on Glacier Retreat II – World Glacier Monitoring Service – Achievements and Future Challenges (Dr M. Zemp – UZH/WGMS)6分鐘
2.13: Impacts of Climate Change on Mechanics and Stability of Glaciers I – Mechanics of Glacier Flow (Prof. M. Funk – ETHZ)10分鐘
2.14: Impacts of Climate Change on Mechanics and Stability of Glaciers II –Glaciers and Water (Prof. M. Funk – ETHZ)8分鐘
2.15: Impacts of Climate Change on Mechanics and Stability of Glaciers III – Glacier instabilities (Prof. M. Funk – ETHZ)5分鐘
2.16: Impacts of Climate Change on Mechanics and Stability of Glaciers IV – Iceberg Calving (frontal ablation) (Prof. M. Funk – ETHZ)6分鐘
Reading2 個閱讀材料
2.0: Introduction to Unit 210分鐘
Conclusion of Unit 210分鐘
Quiz1 個練習
Take the quiz of Unit 2 !26分鐘

4

章節
Clock
完成時間為 3 小時

UNIT 3: Impacts of Climate Change on Water Uses

In this module, you will learn about the impacts of climate change on different sectors, such as the economy, the environment or the health. In mountain regions, glacier retreat, warmer waters or modified runoffs will for instance impact hydroelectric installations production, biodiversity and all kind of living organisms. In the lowlands, the agricultural sector will also have to deal with water scarcity to reduce yield vulnerability. You will also see that warmer temperatures can be beneficial to certain plants like grapevine but that it can also enhance the development of insect pest generating damages or favour disease transmissions to human being. ...
Reading
16 個視頻(共 114 分鐘), 2 個閱讀材料, 4 個測驗
Video16 個視頻
3.2: Impacts of Climate Change on Hydropower II - Hydropower: Policy and market challenges (Dr F. Romerio – UNIGE)7分鐘
3.3: Impacts of Climate Change on Hydropower III - The natural sciences perspective (Dr L. Gaudard – UNIGE / Imperial College London)7分鐘
3.4: Impacts of Climate Change on Hydropower IV - The economic perspective (Dr L. Gaudard – UNIGE / Imperial College London)6分鐘
3.5: Impacts of Climate Change on Agriculture I - Water use in crop production : Demand and productivity (Dr P.-L. Calanca – Agroscope)6分鐘
3.6: Impacts of Climate Change on Agriculture II - Water use in crop production : Facing Climate Change (Dr P.-L. Calanca – Agroscope)5分鐘
3.7: Impacts of Climate Change on Agriculture III - Problem of water distribution and intensity on crops (Dr D. Fleury – Canton of Geneva)10分鐘
3.8: Impacts of Climate Change on Agriculture IV - Link between warming climate and pesticides use (Dr D. Fleury – Canton of Geneva)7分鐘
3.9: Impacts of Climate Change on Aquatic Ecosystems I - A field introduction (Dr E. Castella – UNIGE)13分鐘
3.10: Impacts of Climate Change on Aquatic Ecosystems II - The physical drivers on biodiversity (Dr E. Castella – UNIGE)9分鐘
3.11: Impacts of Climate Change on Aquatic Ecosystems III - The seasonal dimension (Dr E. Castella – UNIGE)6分鐘
3.12: Impacts of Climate Change on Aquatic Ecosystems IV - Anticipating changes (Dr E. Castella – UNIGE)8分鐘
3.13: Impacts of Climate Change on Health I - Introduction to Vector-Borne Diseases (Prof. A. Flahault - UNIGE)5分鐘
3.14: Impacts of Climate Change on Health II - Introduction to diarrhea and influenza (Prof. A. Flahault - UNIGE)4分鐘
3.15: Impacts of Climate Change on Health III - Climate change and its impacts on health (Prof. A. Flahault - UNIGE)5分鐘
3.16: Impacts of Climate Change on Health IV - What is good for health is good for the climate (Prof. A. Flahault - UNIGE)4分鐘
Reading2 個閱讀材料
3.0: Introduction to Unit 310分鐘
Conclusion of Unit 310分鐘
Quiz4 個練習
Practice Quiz on the Impacts of Climate Change in Hydropower6分鐘
Practice Quiz on the Impacts of Climate Change on Agriculture8分鐘
Practice Quiz on the Impacts of Climate Change on Health8分鐘
Take the quiz of Unit 3!22分鐘

講師

Martin Beniston

Honorary Professor
Institute for Environmental Sciences

Markus Stoffel

Full Professor
Institute for Environmental Sciences

關於 University of Geneva

Founded in 1559, the University of Geneva (UNIGE) is one of Europe's leading universities. Devoted to research, education and dialogue, the UNIGE shares the international calling of its host city, Geneva, a centre of international and multicultural activities with a venerable cosmopolitan tradition....

常見問題

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