Welcome to Symmetric Cryptography!
Symmetric cryptography relies on shared secret key to ensure message confidentiality, so that the unauthorized attackers cannot retrieve the message. The course describes substitution and transposition techniques, which were the bases for classical cryptography when the message is encoded in natural language such as English. Then, we build on product ciphers (using both substitution and transposition/permutation) to describe modern block ciphers and review the widely used cipher algorithms in DES, 3-DES, and AES. Lastly, we enable the use of block ciphers to support variable data length by introducing different modes of block cipher operations in ECB, CBC, CFB, OFB, and CTR modes.
This course is cross-listed and is a part of the two specializations, the Applied Cryptography specialization and the Introduction to Applied Cryptography specialization.

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Block Cipher and DES

This module is about modern ciphers based on product ciphers. We will first define block cipher and contrast it with stream cipher. We will then describe the ideal block cipher, which maximizes the number of transformations, and Feistel Cipher, which is a practical structure framework approximating the ideal block cipher. As a widely used cipher example based on the Feistel Cipher structure; we will study Data Encryption Standard (DES).