Loading...

The Polis

Module 2 brings us into the turbulent, creative Archaic Age, during which the Greeks acquired a cultural identity distinct from that of their neighbors in the Eastern Mediterranean. They developed their characteristic form of community, the polis, or “city-state.” With a rebound in population, moreover, they founded numerous colonies abroad. In addition, the Greeks recovered literacy, which enabled them to write down law codes for the poleis. The newly established communities had a new form of military organization, the hoplite army, manned by citizen-soldiers. The lyric poets of that era wrote verses that address such great social changes, and also offer vivid accounts of individuals’ emotions and opinions. The module ends with another poet, Hesiod, somewhat later and less famous than Homer, but also very significant. His subjects range from the origins of the cosmos and the gods, to personal ethics, to practical advice about farming.

卫斯连大学
4.7(1,080 個評分) | 58K 名學生已註冊

關於 Coursera

課程、專項課程和在線學位均由全世界一流大學和教育機構的頂尖授課教師教授。

Community
Join a community of 40 million learners from around the world
Certificate
Earn a skill-based course certificate to apply your knowledge
Career
Gain confidence in your skills and further your career