課程信息
4.6
120 個評分
22 個審閱
100% 在線

100% 在線

立即開始,按照自己的計劃學習。
可靈活調整截止日期

可靈活調整截止日期

根據您的日程表重置截止日期。
初級

初級

完成時間(小時)

完成時間大約為10 小時

建議:7 hours/week...
可選語言

英語(English)

字幕:英語(English), 意大利語, 西班牙語(Spanish), 巴西葡萄牙語, 中文(簡體)...
100% 在線

100% 在線

立即開始,按照自己的計劃學習。
可靈活調整截止日期

可靈活調整截止日期

根據您的日程表重置截止日期。
初級

初級

完成時間(小時)

完成時間大約為10 小時

建議:7 hours/week...
可選語言

英語(English)

字幕:英語(English), 意大利語, 西班牙語(Spanish), 巴西葡萄牙語, 中文(簡體)...

教學大綱 - 您將從這門課程中學到什麼

1
完成時間(小時)
完成時間為 15 分鐘

Welcome to the Course

Welcome to Think Again: How to Avoid Fallacies! This course is the fourth in a series of four courses jointly titled Think Again: How to Reason and Argue. We are excited that you are taking this course, and we hope that you will take all four courses in the series, because there is a great deal of important material to learn. In the series as a whole, you learn how to analyze and evaluate arguments and how to avoid common mistakes in reasoning. These important skills will be useful to you in deciding what to believe and what to do in all areas of your life. We encounter fallacies almost everywhere we look. Politicians, salespeople, and children commonly use fallacies in order to get us to think what they want us to think. Think Again: How to Avoid Fallacies will show how to identify and avoid many of the fallacies that people use to get us to think the way they want us to think. The first part of this course introduces the series and the course. It also clarifies some peculiarities you may find with this course. We encourage you to watch the "Introduction to the Course" video first as it will help you learn more from the materials that come later....
Reading
1 個視頻(共 5 分鐘), 1 個閱讀材料
Video1 個視頻
Reading1 個閱讀材料
Course Logistics (Start Here)10分鐘
完成時間(小時)
完成時間為 3 小時

Fallacies of Unclarity

CONTENT: In this week's material we will describes two phenomena that are both common and useful in the languages that human beings speak, but both of which give rise to the potential for fallacious reasoning. A word or phrase is vague when its meaning is not precise, and it is ambiguous when it has more than one meaning. When we use vague or ambiguous phrases in our reasoning, it is very easy for us to make a number of different kinds of fallacies. This week will teach you what these different kinds of fallacies are, and give us some practice in spotting them, so you can make sure to avoid them in the future. LEARNING OUTCOMES : By the end of this week's material you will be able to: define what a fallacy is distinguish various kinds of fallacies understand the linguistic phenomena that give rise to fallacies identify various kinds of slippery slop fallacies where they occur identify various kinds of fallacies of equivocation where they occur OPTIONAL READING: If you want more examples or more detailed discussions of the fallacies that result from vaguness or ambiguity, we recommend Understanding Arguments, Ninth Edition, Chapters 13-14....
Reading
9 個視頻(共 71 分鐘), 7 個測驗
Video9 個視頻
Argument from the Heap7分鐘
Vagueness8分鐘
Conceptual Slippery Slopes6分鐘
Fairness Slippery Slopes6分鐘
Causal Slippery Slopes6分鐘
Ambiguity8分鐘
Semantic and Syntactic Ambiguity13分鐘
Fallacies of Equivocation6分鐘
Quiz7 個練習
Introduction to Fallacies2分鐘
Vagueness10分鐘
Slippery Slopes6分鐘
Fairness Slippery Slopes6分鐘
Causal Slippery Slopes6分鐘
Semantic and Syntactic Ambiguity8分鐘
Fallacies of Equivocation20分鐘
2
完成時間(小時)
完成時間為 2 小時

Fallacies of Relevance

CONTENT: This week describes two of the most common fallacies that people make: ad hominem fallacies and appeals to authority. Part of what makes these fallacies so common, and so difficult to avoid, is that many ad hominem arguments, and many appeals to authority, are actually not fallacies at all! Only some of them are. And figuring out which of them are fallacies is more of an art than a science. There is no simple recipe, but there are some rules of thumb you can use. We hope that the practice that you get in this week will help you to improve your skills at distinguish the fallacious from the non-fallacious instances of ad hominem reasoning, as well as appeal to authority. LEARNING OUTCOMES: By the end of this section you will be able to: determine whether an ad hominem argument is a fallacy determine whether an appeal to authority is a fallacy OPTIONAL READING: If you want more examples or more detailed discussions of these topics, we recommend Understanding Arguments, Ninth Edition, Chapter 15....
Reading
10 個視頻(共 68 分鐘), 5 個測驗
Video10 個視頻
Fallacies of Relevance: Ad Hominem8分鐘
Silencers10分鐘
Dismissers6分鐘
Deniers6分鐘
Appeals to Authority6分鐘
Amplifiers4分鐘
Supporters4分鐘
Affirmers5分鐘
Appeals to Popular Opinion3分鐘
Quiz5 個練習
Dismissers6分鐘
Deniers6分鐘
Supporters6分鐘
Affirmers12分鐘
Appeals to Popular Opinion10分鐘
完成時間(小時)
完成時間為 1 小時

Fallacies of Vacuity and Circularity

CONTENT: Now we will describe another common set of fallacies: fallacies that occur when an argument makes no progress from its premises to its conclusion. Sometimes, arguments make no progress because the conclusion is already contained in the premises. Sometimes, arguments make no progress because the conclusion is presupposed by the premises. And sometimes, arguments make no progress because the premises don’t make any claim at all, even if they might sound like they do. When you know how to identify such fallacies, you will find that they are more common than you think! LEARNING OUTCOMES: By the end of this section you will be able to: identify various kinds of circularity or vacuity where they occur OPTIONAL READING: If you want more examples or more detailed discussions of these topics, we recommend Understanding Arguments,Ninth Edition, Chapter 16....
Reading
3 個視頻(共 17 分鐘), 3 個測驗
Video3 個視頻
Circularity and Begging the Question4分鐘
Self-Sealers8分鐘
Quiz3 個練習
Fallacies of Vacuity10分鐘
Circularity and Begging the Question12分鐘
Self-Sealers6分鐘
3
完成時間(小時)
完成時間為 3 小時

Refutation: Its Varieties and PItfalls

CONTENT: This week we will teach you various strategies for refuting a fallacious argument. To refute an argument is to show that the argument is unsuccessful. Even if you are able to identify a fallacious argument as a fallacy, you might still not be able to prove to others that it is a fallacy. In this week, you will learn a variety of techniques for proving to others that the argument is a fallacy. LEARNING OUTCOMES: By the end of this week you will be able to: refute fallacious arguments OPTIONAL READING: If you want more examples or more detailed discussions of these topics, we recommend Understanding Arguments, Ninth Edition, Chapter 17....
Reading
7 個視頻(共 71 分鐘), 4 個測驗
Video7 個視頻
Refutation5分鐘
Refutation by Parallel Reasoning11分鐘
False Dichotomy16分鐘
Reductio Ad Absurdum7分鐘
Counterexamples10分鐘
Attacking a Straw Man12分鐘
Why Walter Should Shave His Head6分鐘
Quiz4 個練習
Refutation by Parallel Reasoning22分鐘
Counterexamples12分鐘
Reductio Ad Absurdum14分鐘
Attacking a Straw Man12分鐘
4
完成時間(小時)
完成時間為 1 小時

Catch-Up and Final Quiz

This week gives you time to catch up and review, because we realize that the previous weeks include a great deal of challenging material. It will also be provide enough time to take the final quiz as often as you want, with different questions each time. We explain the answers in each exam so that you can learn more and do better when you try the exam again. You may take the quiz as many times as you want in order to learn more and do better, with different questions each time. You will be able to retake the quiz three times every eight hours. You might not need to take more than one version of the exam if you do well enough on your first try. That is up to you. However many versions you take, we hope that all of the exams will provide additional learning experiences....
Reading
1 個視頻(共 5 分鐘), 1 個測驗
Video1 個視頻
Quiz1 個練習
Final Exam分鐘
4.6
工作福利

83%

通過此課程獲得實實在在的工作福利

熱門審閱

創建者 LBSep 25th 2017

This course has been incredible and more than anything because of the energy put by the instructors, I truly thank you for helping the world to become a better place to live.\n\nfrom Colombia, Luis.

創建者 CKMay 30th 2017

This course will be immensely helpful in structuring my thoughts in a logical and manner by addressing pertinent material and avoiding fallacy traps. Thank you so much!!!

講師

Avatar

Dr. Walter Sinnott-Armstrong

Professor
Philosophy
Avatar

Dr. Ram Neta

Professor
Philosophy

關於 Duke University

Duke University has about 13,000 undergraduate and graduate students and a world-class faculty helping to expand the frontiers of knowledge. The university has a strong commitment to applying knowledge in service to society, both near its North Carolina campus and around the world....

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