課程信息
4.3
90 ratings
26 reviews
A very beautiful classical theory on field extensions of a certain type (Galois extensions) initiated by Galois in the 19th century. Explains, in particular, why it is not possible to solve an equation of degree 5 or more in the same way as we solve quadratic or cubic equations. You will learn to compute Galois groups and (before that) study the properties of various field extensions. We first shall survey the basic notions and properties of field extensions: algebraic, transcendental, finite field extensions, degree of an extension, algebraic closure, decomposition field of a polynomial. Then we shall do a bit of commutative algebra (finite algebras over a field, base change via tensor product) and apply this to study the notion of separability in some detail. After that we shall discuss Galois extensions and Galois correspondence and give many examples (cyclotomic extensions, finite fields, Kummer extensions, Artin-Schreier extensions, etc.). We shall address the question of solvability of equations by radicals (Abel theorem). We shall also try to explain the relation to representations and to topological coverings. Finally, we shall briefly discuss extensions of rings (integral elemets, norms, traces, etc.) and explain how to use the reduction modulo primes to compute Galois groups. PREREQUISITES A first course in general algebra — groups, rings, fields, modules, ideals. Some knowledge of commutative algebra (prime and maximal ideals — first few pages of any book in commutative algebra) is welcome. For exercises we also shall need some elementary facts about groups and their actions on sets, groups of permutations and, marginally, the statement of Sylow's theorems. ASSESSMENTS A weekly test and two more serious exams in the middle and in the end of the course. For the final result, tests count approximately 30%, first (shorter) exam 30%, final exam 40%. There will be two non-graded exercise lists (in replacement of the non-existent exercise classes...)...
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Advanced Level

高級

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建議:9 weeks of study, 4-8 hours/week

完成時間大約為43 小時
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English

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Globe

100% 在線課程

立即開始,按照自己的計劃學習。
Calendar

可靈活調整截止日期

根據您的日程表重置截止日期。
Advanced Level

高級

Clock

建議:9 weeks of study, 4-8 hours/week

完成時間大約為43 小時
Comment Dots

English

字幕:English

教學大綱 - 您將從這門課程中學到什麼

1

章節
Clock
完成時間為 23 分鐘

Introduction

This is just a two-minutes advertisement and a short reference list....
Reading
1 個視頻(共 3 分鐘), 2 個閱讀材料
Video1 個視頻
Reading2 個閱讀材料
Introduction/Manual10分鐘
References10分鐘
Clock
完成時間為 2 小時

Week 1

We introduce the basic notions such as a field extension, algebraic element, minimal polynomial, finite extension, and study their very basic properties such as the multiplicativity of degree in towers....
Reading
6 個視頻(共 84 分鐘), 1 個測驗
Video6 個視頻
1.2 Algebraic elements. Minimal polynomial.12分鐘
1.3 Algebraic elements. Algebraic extensions.14分鐘
1.4 Finite extensions. Algebraicity and finiteness.14分鐘
1.5 Algebraicity in towers. An example.14分鐘
1.6. A digression: Gauss lemma, Eisenstein criterion.13分鐘
Quiz1 個練習
Quiz 112分鐘

2

章節
Clock
完成時間為 1 小時

Week 2

We introduce the notion of a stem field and a splitting field (of a polynomial). Using Zorn's lemma, we construct the algebraic closure of a field and deduce its unicity (up to an isomorphism) from the theorem on extension of homomorphisms....
Reading
5 個視頻(共 67 分鐘), 1 個測驗
Video5 個視頻
2.2 Splitting field.11分鐘
2.3 An example. Algebraic closure.14分鐘
2.4 Algebraic closure (continued).15分鐘
2.5 Extension of homomorphisms. Uniqueness of algebraic closure.11分鐘
Quiz1 個練習
QUIZ 212分鐘

3

章節
Clock
完成時間為 2 小時

Week 3

We recall the construction and basic properties of finite fields. We prove that the multiplicative group of a finite field is cyclic, and that the automorphism group of a finite field is cyclic generated by the Frobenius map. We introduce the notions of separable (resp. purely inseparable) elements, extensions, degree. We briefly discuss perfect fields. This week, the first ungraded assignment (in order to practice the subject a little bit) is given. ...
Reading
6 個視頻(共 82 分鐘), 1 個閱讀材料, 1 個測驗
Video6 個視頻
3.2 Properties of finite fields.14分鐘
3.3 Multiplicative group and automorphism group of a finite field.15分鐘
3.4 Separable elements.15分鐘
3.5. Separable degree, separable extensions.15分鐘
3.6 Perfect fields.9分鐘
Reading1 個閱讀材料
Ungraded assignment 110分鐘
Quiz1 個練習
QUIZ 38分鐘

4

章節
Clock
完成時間為 2 小時

Week 4

This is a digression on commutative algebra. We introduce and study the notion of tensor product of modules over a ring. We prove a structure theorem for finite algebras over a field (a version of the well-known "Chinese remainder theorem")....
Reading
6 個視頻(共 91 分鐘), 1 個測驗
Video6 個視頻
4.2 Tensor product of modules14分鐘
4.3 Base change14分鐘
4.4 Examples. Tensor product of algebras.15分鐘
4.5 Relatively prime ideals. Chinese remainder theorem.14分鐘
4.6 Structure of finite algebras over a field. Examples.16分鐘
Quiz1 個練習
QUIZ 410分鐘
4.3

熱門審閱

創建者 CLJun 16th 2016

Outstanding course so far - a great refresher for me on Galois theory. It's nice to see more advanced mathematics classes on Coursera.

講師

Ekaterina Amerik

Professor
Department of Mathematics

關於 National Research University Higher School of Economics

National Research University - Higher School of Economics (HSE) is one of the top research universities in Russia. Established in 1992 to promote new research and teaching in economics and related disciplines, it now offers programs at all levels of university education across an extraordinary range of fields of study including business, sociology, cultural studies, philosophy, political science, international relations, law, Asian studies, media and communications, IT, mathematics, engineering, and more. Learn more on www.hse.ru...

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