課程信息
4.6
55 ratings
11 reviews
If you really care about the big questions in the economies and societies of the 21st century, such as distributive justice - namely, inequality of income or wealth, and its correlation with economic growth - this course is meant for you. The knowledge you will gain can truly change your outlook on our world. "Economic Growth and Distributive Justice - Maximizing Social Wellbeing" is the second part of a two part course and it includes the following five lectures: (1) The excess burden of taxation (2) Tax incidence: who bears the economic burden of tax? (3) Progressivity: definition and ways to achieve (4) Low Income, Low Ability and the Optimal Income Tax Model (5) Designing the Tax and Transfer System that Maximizes Social Wellbeing If you haven't done that already, we strongly recommend that you register for the first part of the course: "Economic Growth and Distributive Justice - the Role of the State". Taking both parts of the course would enable you to obtain a fuller and more comprehensive knowledge about Economic Growth and Distributed Justice. The course is founded upon the elemental idea that the role of the state is to maximize the well-being - or simply the happiness - of its residents. In 9 fascinating, edifying lessons, using only simple words and decoding professional terminologies that sometimes baffle the intelligent layman, the course expounds many truths – both intuitive and unintuitive. Often using examples from the US and Europe, it does not however focus on policies in any particular region of the world, and is directly applicable to all countries around the globe. The course touches upon the essence of important concepts like efficiency and equity, inequality and poverty, gross domestic product, tax evasion and tax planning; it presents the work of Nobel Laureate James Mirrlees and his followers - promoting a coherent system that integrates tax and government expenditures to maximize social welfare; and illuminates a range of high-profile issues from their economic angle: • Climate change: the atmosphere and oceans as public goods, and how smart (Pigovian) taxation can be used to combat the rapidly increasing threats to our planet; • Technology as the engine of economic growth; • Taxing the rich: How can we mitigate the growing inequality problem? Should we impose a global tax on capital? The curriculum includes interviews with major figures in the fields of law and of economics: Harvard's Elhanan Helpman, Dan Shaviro from NYU and Richard Epstein from the University of Chicago and NYU. After successfully completing this course, you can expect to be able to: • better understand economic issues presented in the media • form an informed opinion on the strengths and weaknesses of presented social economic policies • define and measure inequality and poverty • define the connection between inequality (income, wealth) and economic growth • explain the foundations of economic growth • design a tax and transfer system to maximize the happiness of individuals All these will allow you to better understand the policies being developed around you, and to play a larger, more informed role in their development, as a conscientious citizen. In order to receive academic credit for this course you must successfully pass the academic exam on campus. For information on how to register for the academic exam – https://tauonline.tau.ac.il/registration Additionally, you can apply to certain degrees using the grades you received on the courses. Read more on this here – https://go.tau.ac.il/b.a/mooc-acceptance Teachers interested in teaching this course in their class rooms are invited to explore our Academic High school program here – https://tauonline.tau.ac.il/online-highschool This course is a direct extension of the first part "Economic Growth and Distributive Justice Part I -The Role of the State", so if you have not yet taken it, we highly recommend you start your learning from there (https://www.coursera.org/learn/economic-growth-part-1/home/welcome)....
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建議:5 weeks of study, 1-3 hours/week

完成時間大約為7 小時
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字幕:English, Arabic, Hebrew
Globe

100% 在線課程

立即開始,按照自己的計劃學習。
Calendar

可靈活調整截止日期

根據您的日程表重置截止日期。
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建議:5 weeks of study, 1-3 hours/week

完成時間大約為7 小時
Comment Dots

English

字幕:English, Arabic, Hebrew

教學大綱 - 您將從這門課程中學到什麼

1

章節
Clock
完成時間為 2 小時

The Excess Burden of Taxation

Dear students, The first half of the course is behind us, and there's one more half to go. We hope you are enjoying yourselves! In the previous class, we focused on the equity side of the equity-efficiency tradeoff, learning how to measure inequality and poverty. In this class, we will move on to talk about measuring efficiency. We will study the principles of SOCIAL EFFICIENCY, guided by the logic of trade, profitable transactions and the influence of TAXATION. Using everyday examples (have you ever babysitted?!), we will investigate the concept of EXCESS BURDEN, how and why taxes reduce social efficiency, and how this can be measured. So let's begin week 5! Best, Economic Growth and Distributive Justice team...
Reading
8 個視頻(共 42 分鐘), 3 個閱讀材料, 1 個測驗
Video8 個視頻
Introduction2分鐘
1.1  Social Efficiency: Consumer/Producer Surplus13分鐘
1.2 The Excess Burden of Taxation: Administrative and Compliance Costs, Evasion and Planning5分鐘
1.3 Excess Burden: The Change in Relative Prices4分鐘
1.4  Measuring the Excess Burden of Tax: Focusing on Consumer Surplus5分鐘
1.5 Measuring the Excess Burden of Tax: Focusing on Producer Surplus4分鐘
1.6 Measuring the Excess Burden of Tax: Consumer and Producer Surplus5分鐘
Reading3 個閱讀材料
Before we begin10分鐘
Recommanded Books10分鐘
Recommended Reading - Week 110分鐘
Quiz1 個練習
week 110分鐘

2

章節
Clock
完成時間為 1 小時

Tax Incidence: Who Bears the Economic Burden of a Tax?

Dear students, This week we will learn how market forces determine who bears the economic burden of a tax. We will follow various classic examples and see how this happens - often in an unintuitive manner, which may be contrary to the legislator’s intention. Best, Economic Growth and Distributive Justice team...
Reading
6 個視頻(共 43 分鐘), 1 個閱讀材料, 1 個測驗
Video6 個視頻
2.2  Examples of Specific Taxes and Subsidies and their Unintuitive Burden7分鐘
2.3 What Determines the Tax Incidence?5分鐘
2.4 Elasticityof Capital Supply Assuming full Mobility Across Borders4分鐘
2.5 Who Bears the Burden of Corporate Tax: Shareholders ?11分鐘
2.6 Who Bears the Burden of Corporate Tax: Employees? Consumers? All Capital Owners?4分鐘
Reading1 個閱讀材料
Recommended Reading - Week 210分鐘
Quiz1 個練習
week 210分鐘

3

章節
Clock
完成時間為 1 小時

Progressivity: Definition and Ways to Achieve

Dear students, This week's lecture is all about progressivity. We will learn about the difference between MARGINAL and EFFECTIVE tax rates, how progressivity can be achieved, and how the transfer side of the system (e.g. welfare benefits) can create steep marginal tax rates, in addition to those generated by the tax side of the system. In the second part of the lesson we will begin studying the OPTIMAL INCOME TAX MODEL, in our search for the tax and transfer system that would maximize social wellbeing. Best, Economic Growth and Distributive Justice team...
Reading
5 個視頻(共 25 分鐘), 1 個閱讀材料, 1 個測驗
Video5 個視頻
3.2 Redistributing Income Using Increasing Marginal Tax Rates6分鐘
3.3 Achieving Progressivity Through Tax System without Increasing Marginal Tax Rates2分鐘
3.4 Achieving Progressivity with a Deduction7分鐘
3.5 Achieving Progressivity with a Grant (or Public Good)5分鐘
Reading1 個閱讀材料
Recommended Reading - Week 310分鐘
Quiz1 個練習
week 310分鐘

4

章節
Clock
完成時間為 1 小時

Low Income, Low Ability and the Optimal Income Tax Model

Dear students, This week's lecture will continue our discussion about progressivity. In this second part of the lesson we will begin studying the OPTIMAL INCOME TAX MODEL, in our search for the tax and transfer system that would maximize social wellbeing. Best, Economic Growth and Distributive Justice team...
Reading
7 個視頻(共 44 分鐘), 1 個閱讀材料, 1 個測驗
Video7 個視頻
4.2 Low Income Levels are Often Subject to Very High Marginal Tax Rates5分鐘
4.3 An Interview with prof. Dan Shaviro4分鐘
4.4 Taxing Ability, Not Income: “Tagging” and Transfers In-Kind4分鐘
4.5 Taxing Ability, Not Income: Welfare Ordeals4分鐘
4.6 Designing an Optimal Tax and Transfer System: The Model's Intuition6分鐘
4.7 Understanding the Intuition of the Optimal Income Tax Model: No Government Intervention9分鐘
Reading1 個閱讀材料
Recommanded Reading - week 410分鐘
Quiz1 個練習
week 410分鐘
4.6

熱門審閱

創建者 RGMay 26th 2017

Excellent course. Great presentation by professor. Should be required for elected representatives in Congress.

創建者 MBJun 11th 2017

I started with no knowledge of how to maximize social well-being. All of the lectures made sense. Great class.

講師

Professor Yoram Y. Margalioth

Professor
The Buchmann Faculty of Law

關於 Tel Aviv University

Tel Aviv University (TAU) is Israel's largest institution of higher learning – with over 30,000 students and more than 125 schools and departments in nine faculties. Global in outlook and impact, it is consistently ranked among the world's top 100 universities, as well as the top 20 institutions in terms of scientific citations. A spirit of openness and innovation is evident in all of TAU's teaching and research activities, breaking down barriers between disciplines, and boldly striving to address the twenty-first century's most pressing challenges....

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  • When you purchase a Certificate you get access to all course materials, including graded assignments. Upon completing the course, your electronic Certificate will be added to your Accomplishments page - from there, you can print your Certificate or add it to your LinkedIn profile. If you only want to read and view the course content, you can audit the course for free.

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